Effects of Perinatal Deltamethrin Exposure on Electrophysiological Properties of Embryonic Ventricular Cardiomyocyte

Effects of Perinatal Deltamethrin Exposure on Electrophysiological Properties of Embryonic Ventricular Cardiomyocyte

Jacob Masikaa, b, c, Minjie Zhua, b, Donghui Aoa, b, Yu Qia, b, Rui Shia, b, Li Niea, b, d, Yanan Zhaoa, b, Yunjie Zhenga, b, Hongyan Luoa, b, Xinwu Hua, b, Liangpin Zhanga, b,Ying Zenge, Linlin Gaoa, b,   Jürgen Heschelerf,    Huamin Lianga,b*

a Department of Physiology, Chinese-German Stem Cell Center, the Key Laboratory of Drug Target Research and Pharmacodynamic Evaluation, Hubei Province; School of Basic Medicine, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

b Institute of Brain Research, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

c Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Egerton University, Kenya.

d College of Pharmacy, Wuhan Institute of Bioengineering, Wuhan, China.

e Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

f Institute of Physiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

*corresponding author

Address: Hangkong Road 13, Wuhan 430030, China

Tel: 0086 27 83692622

Fax: 0086 27 83692608

Corresponding e-mail: lianghuamin76@163.com

Citation: KIBU Conference (2017). Innovative Research and Knowledge for Global Competitiveness and Sustainable Development. Proceedings of 2nd Interdisciplinary International Scientific Conference 14 – 15 June 2017. Kibabii University Main campus, Bungoma Kenya ISBN: 978-9966-59-011-4

Abstract

Pyrethroid insecticides are among of the most commonly used residential and agricultural insecticides. Based on the increased use of pyrethroids and recent studies showing that pregnant women and children are exposed to pyrethroids, there are concerns over the potential for developmental cardiotoxicity and other abnormalities. However, there have been relatively few studies on the developmental cardiotoxicity of pyrethroids. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perinatal deltamethrin exposure altered mice embryonic cardiac electrophysiology. Pregnant mice were administered 0 or 3 mg/kg of DM by gavage daily from gestational day (gd) 10.5 to gd 17. 5.  Whole cell patch-clamp technique was used in electrophysiological study, and real time RT-PCR was applied to analyze the molecular changes for the electrophysiological properties.DM exposure resulted in increased mortality of pregnant mice and decreased viability of embryos. Moreover, DM slowed the maximum depolarization velocity (Vmax), prolonged the action potential duration (APD) and depolarized the maximum diastolic potential (MDP) of embryonic cardiomyocytes. Additionally, perinatal DM exposure decreased the mRNA expression of N+ channel regulatory subunit Navβ1, inwardly rectifier K+ channel subunit Kir2.1, and delayed rectifier K+ channel subunit MERG while the L-type Ca2+ channel subunit, Cav1.2 expression was increased. On the contrary, DM administration did not significantly alter the β-adrenergic or muscarinic receptor activities on embryonic cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, developmental DM exposure altered mRNA expression of embryonic cardiac ion channels therefore impacting embryonic cardiac electrophysiological properties. This highlights the need to understand the persistent effects of pyrethroid exposure on cardiac function during development due to potential forcardiac arrhythmogenicity.

Keywords: Pyrethroid, Deltamethrin, Embryonic cardiomyocytes, Action potential, Developmental exposure.

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